Natural Energy Forestry Developers

Sustainable Vedic system of fuel wood farming for Rural India development

Cultivation of Malabar Neem

Money Multiplier, Multipurpose, Miracle Tree of the Millennium- Malabar Neem

Earn Rs.15 lakhs from an acre after 6 ½ years period by the cultivation of Malabar neem which is one of the fast growing tree species in the world.

Today, Malabar neem plants are attracting absentee landlords, industrialists, small and marginal farmers. This plant became a favorite of all farmers, due to its very fast growth rate, low cost of cultivation, low maintenance, easy adaptability and exhibits outstanding growth. Malabar neem fetches handsome remuneration in the wood market. So, it has occupied a permanent place in the hearts of the farmers.

Cultivation of Malabar neem

Malabar neem can be cultivated in a variety of soils, but well drained deep fertile sandy loam soil shows maximum growth. It is a very hardy plant among all melia species and it can easily adapt to all types of soils, and different climatic conditions. Malabar neem can grow well where the temperature ranges from 5.c to 52.c with normal annual rainfall ranging between 350 to 1000 mm.

Growth

Malabar neem plants exhibit rapid growth under good management practices with assured irrigation.. Malabar neem plants attain a height of 20 feet and 10 to 12 inches girth in one year.

Cultivation Methods of Malabar neem

Malabar neem can be cultivated as high density, semi density, mixed crop with coconut & oil palm plantations, energy crops, and horticulture plantations.

High density plantation method

This method is suitable for the absentee land-lords; we can accommodate 450-550 plants in an acre. Plants will attain a height of 40 feet above, 3 ½ feet girth after 6 ½ years.

we can get 20-25 feet straight, cylindrical clear bole with reddish brown color grains formed heartwood, which will fetch Rs.15 lakhs profit from an acre after 6 ½ to 7 years.

Semi density plantation method

It is suitable for the small and marginal farmers, those who want to cultivate agricultural crops, vegetable crops, floriculture, Fodder crops as inter crop in Malabar neem plantation..

We can accommodate 300 to 400 plants in an acre which will fetch a profit of Rs.8 to12 lakhs from the Malabar neem plantation after 6 ½ to 7 years .

Malabar neem as border crop

It can be planted as a single row or double rows system in all agricultural field bunds, providing 2 meters spacing between two plants, we can be accommodated 60 plants in an acre as single row border crop. So, all the farmers can get an additional profit of Rs.3 lakhs from single row, 6 lakhs from double rows in an acre of border plantation after 6 ½ years.







Malabar neem as intercrop in coconut & oil palm crops

Generally farmers accommodate the coconut and oil palm plants by giving a spacing of 8 to 10 meters distance between two rows and plants. But 80% of the adventitious roots (fibrous roots) of coconut trees spread horizontally and occupy two meters space surrounding the stem; rest of the land is unutilized .We can plant Malabar neem plants in an unutilized piece of land between two rows of coconut trees or oil palm plants. Malabar neem plants can grow very well under partial shadow of coconut trees/oil palm plants by utilizing the sunlight, what ever is available in coconut/ oil palm farms. So, there is no negative effect on the yield of coconut or oil palm trees.

Plant population & yield

We can plant single row or double rows (depends upon spacing) of Malabar neem in between coconut trees. we can accommodate 400 plants in an acre of land. Royal neem trees can attain a height of 45 feet and 3 ½ to 4 feet of girth with straight, cylindrical, clear bole up to 25 feet, which will fetch Rs 12 lakhs from an acre of Malabar neem as intercrop in coconut and oil-palm plantations.

Present day uses of Malabar neem wood




Building material

Malabar neem produces a straight, cylindrical bole, with fine grains, reddish- brown coloured heart wood known as multipurpose wood .The wood is easy to cut and can be finished into a smooth surface (fine jaai), which resembles ‘Teak wood’ so, we can use it for the preparation of doors, door-frames, panels, windows, wall-boards, wall linings and wood floorings (heritage homes). The melia wood is anti-termite in nature.

Furniture

Malabar neem is the wood with straight-grained and coarse textured heart wood. So, it is suitable for making furniture such as chairs, tables, sofas, dinning tables, divan- sofas, double cots and dressing tables.

Plywood industry

  • Malabar neem produces straight, cylindrical, round boles which are suitable for peeling. So, it is the best raw material for the plywood industries, as both face and core veneer.

  • Roundness seems to be the the inherent quality of this tree. So, it is good for peeling {veneer making).

  • Recovery of veneer from the wood is excellent. Small logs were peeled and faces quality obtained was acceptable. M.R grade plywood pressed with these veneers and in the combination with other veneers gave excellent results.

  • Other uses

  • It can be used for the preparation of agricultural implements, cabinet making and in the construction boats etc. The lops and tops are useful as firewood as well as for paper pulp. So, it is called as multipurpose wood. With out any worry anybody can cultivate this ‘Malabar neem as part of agro-forestry.

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