Natural Forestry Development involves development of fast growing plants and shrubs in natural environment, means with-out disturbing the natural habitation of plants & shrubs, and micro-environment of micro -organisms, insects, and earth-worms in the soil. Provides the best shelter for birds, insects, reptiles, mammals for the better bio-diversity by the implementation of advanced agro-technics combined with Vedic System of Natural Farming.
Natural Energy Forestry Development; It is a form of renewable forestry-can be one of the best means for afforestation of wastelands especially in areas with no assured irrigation which will in turn provide raw material to industries. Growing of fast-growing tree species or woody shrubs as a low-cost and low-maintenance in natural habitation for the production of biomass combusted for its content to generate electricity or heat, reducing the amount of fossil fuel-derived carbon dioxide emissions. This is the best and easiest way to achieve 33 percent green cover in a state.
Industrial Village Forestry : It is a form of community-forestry governed by local self-help groups (BPL families) in a way compatible with sustainable energy plantations development. Village forests are reflecting the fact that the plantation maintenance and resource utilization of forest occurs at the village by self-help groups for the necessaries of their wood based cottage industries.
Natural Energy crops : Energy crops are generally categorized as woody plants such as Melia dubia, china berry, Willows, Poplars, Iron wood, bamboo, Subabul and herbaceous crops such as Miscanthus, Read canary grass, hybrid Cumbu Napier grass CO(CN)4.
This is an interspecific hybrid between Cumbu CO 8 x FD 461 developed by Tamilnadu Agricultural University. This perennial grass can be grown in variety of soils except alkaline and saline soils. We can cultivate this crop as an energy crop by providing assured irrigation under good management practices grass crop can yield 10-12 dry tones of herbaceous biomass per acre per harvest, releases energy up to 3800 Kcal /Kg suitable for conversion of biomass into briquettes and pellets.
Planting technology : we have developed an innovative tractor-drawn Tech-planter for planting larger extents (thousands of acres) in a very short time; it can save lot of money, time and risk. It has been succeeded and showing extraordinary performance in the field trails
Melia dubia belongs to the Meliaceae family and is an indigenous tree species of India, This is one of the fast growing plants in plant kingdom. The tree can be cultivated in all types of soils except in water logging soils, and requires a sufficient water supply on a regular basis. Melia dubia has been cultivated as a source of fire wood. It has the unique feature of growing up to 25 feet in first year and 10 feet in second year. As an energy crop, Melia dubia has the potential of yielding in excess 40 green tons of biomass on average per acre per annum over a 10 year period. Its high calorific value (4600 k.cal/kg) makes it a viable source of feedstock for biomass powerplants. Melia dubia can be cultivated as a long period agro-forestry crop for the source of quality timber to overcome the scarcity of raw material for wood based industries.
White Cedar plants grow very fast, It has highly adaptable and tolerates a wide range of soils and climatic conditions .It is generally deciduous, but some forms in humid tropics are evergreen. It can be cultivated successfully under assured irrigated facility. Excellent coppice is obtained from trees up to a girth of 60 cm. these trees re-sprouts after cutting and regrows after pollarding, making it suitable for biomass. Fuel wood is the major source of cedar wood, it can yield 40 tons of biomass per acre per annum. White cedar wood density is 510-660/cubic meter; it has a 5100 k.cal/kg calorific value.
Subabul is a popular farm forestry tree in the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and in Telangana state. It is one of the fast growing hardy evergreen species. It is a vigorous coppicer and responds well to pollarding, lopping & pruning. It has a deep and strong taproot and even the seedlings are deep rooted. The plants are short bushy and remarkably drought tolerant. It is suited to hilly terrains in drought prone areas. Harvesting is generally done at the end of third year. The average yield is 25 green tones per acre per annum. The wood is moderately medium density and it has 4000 k.cal/kg calorific value.
Innovative Energy Projects : we have developed Innovative project for Creative Industrial Energy Forestry in thousands of acres for the production of best quality fuel wood for Rural India development.
Iron wood is a fast growing, drought tolerant and very hardy perennial evergreen plant .The plant can also be grown in a variety of soils and in different climatic conditions,(steep slopes, hilly terrains, gravelly areas) The tree grows well under alkaline soils and also performs under dry clayey soils. Light soils, Heavy soils, and in calcareous soils, but in well drained sandy loam soils show maximum growth and higher yields. It can be cultivated successfully under rain-fed conditions and in irrigated conditions. Iron wood is excellent fuel wood with a specific gravity of 0.60 to 0.81, and high calorific value of 4800 kcal/kg. As a rain fed energy crop, it has the potential yielding of 20 to 30 tons , mixedcrop and irrigated crop 50 to 60 tons of biomass per acre per annum over a period of 25 years under good management practices. it can be cultivated as mixed crop with long period timber plantations such as Malabar neem, Teak, Rose wood, Red sanders, cadamba, Sissoo etc for gaining additional profit.
Iron wood is the best tree species suitable for the development of energy forest plantation in industrial areas, waste and degraded lands, without fear it can be cultivated as a low cost and low maintenance rain fed energy crop.
Global warming, Global warming, Global warming. Today everybody is thinking about ways to reduce global warming
The burning of fossil fuels is a major source of industrial greenhouse gasses emissions, especially from power, cement, steel, textile and chemical fertilizers industries.. There is a fear that global warming may lead to the huge extinction of plant and animal species...
The effect of climate change can be seen now. Temperatures are already increasing, glaciers are receding at unprecedented speeds, whole chunks of the Antarctic shelf are breaking off, warmer summer seasons are becoming longer and storms are becoming severe and causing more and more damage to the mankind.
There is also need to find out suitable ways for carbon management. Bio- sequestration of carbon dioxide by growing energy plantation is one of the best and easiest ways, because of its fast-growing nature. Among all forest tree species, our selected species are the best and most suitable plants for quick greenery and sequestrates highest percentage of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Due to its fast growing nature, within six months energy crops can covered thick- greenery. It attains the height of 13 feet in 8-10 months period .So, energy crops are suitable for the bio-sequestration in the industrial areas and in campuses of educational institutions, waste and degraded lands for the better environment and for creation of carbon credits.
• Green cover improvement: This is an easiest way to achieve 33 % of green cover of geographical area in a very short period (as per the Indian forest policy)
• Deforestation: Reducing deforestation and pressure on local forests by providing farm-grown fuel wood.
• Soil erosion: Stabilizes depleted soils from wind and water erosion by the forest canopy, roots and leaf litter.
• Biodiversity: Enhancing of natural wild-life habitation for balancing the biodiversity in a state.
• Rural employment: Energy Forests and forest based industries can generate vast rural employment.
• Reduces Green House Gases (GHG) from atmosphere. One ton of biomass can absorb 3 tons of co2 from the atmosphere.
• Natural pest control in the surrounding fields by hosting birds, insects and reptiles (predetors).
• Toxic chemicals reducing the need of toxic chemicals insecticides and herbicides.